Aloe vera : Overview , Uses , Side effects , Precautions and all details.

Introduction of Aloe vera

Aloe vera has been known and used for hundreds of centuries for health, beauty, healing and skin care. The name aloe vera comes from the Arabic word “aloh”, meaning “bright bitter substance”, which in Latin means “true”. 2000 years ago, Greek scientists considered the cactus to be a common remedy for disease.

The Egyptians called aloe an “indestructible plant”. Today, the cactus is used for various dermatological purposes.Cactus is a natural product which is now mostly used in the field of cosmetics. Despite the various indications for its use, controlled trials are needed to determine its true efficacy. The cactus plant, its properties, mechanism of action and clinical application can be easily reviewed in this article.

What is Aloevera?

The name Aloe Vera is derived from the Arabic word “aloh”, meaning “bright bitter substance” and Vera is derived from the Latin word “vera”, meaning “truth”.The Aloevera has been widely used in many cultures – Egypt, Greece, Mexico, India, China and Japan. This plant belongs to the Liliaceae family, which grows in the arid regions of Asia, Europe, America and Africa.The Aloevera (aloevera barbadensis miller) is a succulent plant used in alternative medicine.

With a total of 420 different species of cactus, it has become popular in Indian medicine for the treatment of many ailments. For centuries, this plant has had a great reputation for its beauty, health, skin care and medicinal properties.

The earliest record of human use of the cactus dates from the 16th century BC by the Ebers Papyrus (Egyptian Medical Record). According to a study published in the Journal of Indian Dermatology in ancient Egypt, he called the cactus an “indestructible plant”.

The authors report that the plant has been used medicinally for hundreds of centuries in China, Japan, India, Greece, Egypt, Mexico, and Japan.

Aloevera is a gel made from the leaves of the Alovera plant. It has been used by people for thousands of years to heal and soften the skin. Aloe vera has long been a folk remedy for many ailments, including constipation and skin ailments.The modern research on the benefits of aloevera is mixed, with some evidence suggest it can cause cancer in laboratory animals.

There are no foods containing aloevera, so it must be taken as a supplement or gel.

Some forms of cactus are safer than others, and long-term use is not encouraged.

Aloe vera is a plant that has been used for thousands of years to treat various health conditions. It is usually safe to use vera directly from the plant or you can buy it in gel form.

Aloevera is a clear gel found in creams, gels and ointments. These products can be primarily used to treat various skin conditions. Aloevera is sold in capsule or liquid form to promote health and wellness.

What is inside in Aloevera?

Aloe vera contains many vitamins, minerals and other active ingredients that provide many health benefits. Each aloevera leaf has three main layers.Aloevera internal gel is 99% water and the rest is amino acids, glucomannan, sterols, lipids and vitamins. The aloevera middle layer is made from latex, Aloevera is a yellow sap containing glycosides and anthraquinones. Finally, the outer layer is made up of 15 to 20 cells called the dermis. It works by protecting the inside of the leaf as well as synthesizing proteins and carbohydrates.

The aloevera is 160 important ingredients identified in aloevera leaves. Some experts say that the leaf of aloevera contains 300 to 400 vital components.


Vitamins A, C and E are powerful antioxidants that counteract and destroy free radicals. Vitamin C is an immune system and is essential for the development of teeth, bones and blood. In addition, it is a powerful antioxidant that protects the cells of the body from premature aging. Vitamin E accelerates the healing process.

Alovera contains vitamins B1, B2, B6 and B12, which contribute to the toxic process. Specifically, vitamin B12 is essential for nucleic acid synthesis.

Monosaccharides and Polysaccharides

Monosaccharides and polysaccharides, such as aldobanthose, cellulose, galactose, arabinose, galacturonic acid, glucose, mannose and xylose, have antibacterial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, mycotic and immune stimulating effects.


Aloe vera contains enzymes like amylase, prodiginase, aka, alkaline phosphatase, peroxidase, catalase, cellulose, lipase and carboxypeptidase. These enzymes work by reducing inflammation when applied topically to the skin.


Aloe vera also contains hormones like gibberellin and auxin which help in faster healing of wounds. It also has anti-inflammatory properties.

Root plant compound

Found in small amounts, secondary plant compounds can help determine a plant’s color, smell, and taste. In addition, they are useful if used in a pharmacy. For example, aloe vera contains essential oils that have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial effects. Other anti-inflammatory substances include salicylic acid and tonic acid.

The history of Aloe vera

The aloevera has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years in many cultures: Greece, Egypt, India, Mexico, Japan, and China. 1 Cosmetic regime. It was used by Alexander the Great and Christopher Columbus to heal the wounds of soldiers. The first reference to a cactus in English was given by John Guteau in 1655 AD. . 1930, a turning point occurred when chronic and acute radiation was successfully used for dermatitis.


Botanical name of Aloe Vera is Aloe barbadensis Miller. It belongs to the family Lipaceae (Liliaceae), and is a shrub or herbaceous, perennial, xerophytic, succulent, pea-green plant. It grows mainly in arid regions of Africa, Asia, Europe and is found in Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

The antonyms of Aloe vera?

The plant has triangular, succulent leaves, yellow tubular flowers and fruits with many seeds. Each leaf consists of three layers:

1) An inner clear gel consisting of 99% water and the remainder made up of glucomannan, amino acids, lipids, sterols and vitamins.

2) The bitter yellow extract consists of the middle layer of latex and contains anthraquinones and glycosides.

3) The outer thick layer of 15-20 cells is called the skin, which performs a protective function and integrates carbohydrates and proteins. Inside the skin are the vascular bundles responsible for carrying substances such as water (cilium) and starch (phloem).

How to harvest the plant of Aloe vera

It is very easy to extract aloevera juice for gel and juice. You will need a plant that is at least a few years old. This ensures a high concentration of active ingredients.

Wait a few weeks to cut leaves from the same plant. If you plan to cut the aloevera frequently, you may want to keep some of the plants in rotation.

To harvest your aloevera for gel and juice:

Pick thick leaves from the outer part of the plant and remove 3-4 leaves at a time.
Make sure the leaves are healthy and free of any mold or damage.
Cut them near the stem. The most effective nutrients are found at the base of the leaves.
Avoid nerves.
Wash and dry the leaves.
Cut off the barbed edges with a knife.
Using a knife or your fingers, separate the inner gel from the outside of the leaf. The inner gel is the part of the aloevera you use.
Let the yellow juice come out from the leaves. It is made of cactus wood. If you plan to use latex, you can put it in a container. If you don’t want to use Latex, you can throw it away.

How to care for an Aloe vera plant?

You can find aloevera plants at garden centers, flower shops, and even online. They are usually easy to grow if there is enough sunlight and warmth.

aloevera plants need six to eight hours of sunlight a day. Young plants require less direct sunlight than more mature plants. Typically, cactus plants are grown in warm climates, but they can also be grown indoors during the cooler months.

Water two inches below the surface of your aloevera plant when the soil is dry. You can use your finger to check how dry the soil is.

Depending on your climate, you may need to water once a week or less. Always be lateral to avoid overtaking, as the ends of the aloevera leaves will turn brown.

Make sure your plant pot has drainage holes in the bottom to drain excess water.

Keep an eye on your plant’s health to see if any problems appear and treat them accordingly.

The Raise of aloevera plants

Aloevera plants are easy to maintain and process, and the plant has many potential uses.

Aloe vera is generally safe for most people, but if you have a medical condition or are taking medication or herbal remedies, talk to your doctor before using aloe vera because it may interact with others. Can do. Medicines and products.

The benefit of Aloe vera

Aloevera benefit

There are many benefit reasons to drink pure, uncolored, low anthraquinone aloe vera juice.

Clear skin

The hydration of aloevera juice can help reduce the frequency and appearance of acne. It can help ease skin conditions like psoriasis and dermatitis.

Aloe vera is a rich source of antioxidants and vitamins that help protect your skin.

Essential compounds in aloevera have been shown to neutralize the effects of UV radiation and help repair your skin from existing UV damage and prevent fine lines and wrinkles.


Drinking aloevera juice helps in increasing the water content in your intestine. Research shows a relationship between the amount of water in the intestines and the induction of peristalsis, which helps to pass normal stools.

If you have a problem of constipation or frequent constipation, then try to include cactus juice in your daily routine. Aloe vera helps to normalize the healthy bacteria in your gut, thereby keeping your colon healthy.

The German regulatory agency for plants – Commission E – approved the use of the cactus to treat constipation. 50-200 mg of aloevera latex is usually taken as a liquid or capsule once a day for 10 days.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ruled in 2002 that are insufficient data on the safety and efficacy of aloevera products.

Liver function

It come to detoxing healthy liver function.
The aloevera juice is keep your liver healthy.The liver function best when the body is adequately nourished and hydrated. Aloevera juice is ideal for the liver because it’s hydrating and rich in phytonutrients.

Digestive Benefits

The Aloevera contains several enzymes that help break down sugars and fats and keep your digestion smooth.
The digestive system is not working will not be able to absorb all the nutrients from the food.You need to keep your internal machinery healthy in order to reap the benefits from your diet.
Aloe vera can help reduce irritation of the stomach and intestines. The juice also helps people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and other inflammatory bowel disorders.

In a 2013 study of 33 IPS patients, Aloevera juice helped reduce the pain and discomfort of IPS. The source of reliable evidence is not placebo-controlled, so more research is needed.

Aloevera is also beneficial heartburn relief

Drinking aloevera juice can give you relief when you have a heart attack. The compounds present in cactus extracts help in controlling the secretion of acid in your stomach. Its effect is to fight gastric ulcers and prevent them from progressing.

Blood sugar

Consuming two teaspoons of aloe vera juice daily may lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, which means the cactus may have a future in diabetes treatment.

Natural laxative

Aloevera is considered a natural laxative. A small study looked at the benefits of juicing to aid digestion. The results appear to be mixed.
Nigerian scientists conducted a study on rats and found that a gel made from a regular Aloevera houseplant eliminates constipation. But another study from the National Institutes of Health found that consuming the juice of the cactus whole leaf. Those findings revealed tumor growth in the large intestine of laboratory mice.
In 2002, the US Food and Drug Administration removed or modified modified cactus products from the United States market.

The Mayo Clinic recommends using cactus to relieve constipation, but in moderation. They suggest that 0.04 to 0.17 grams of dry extract is sufficient.

You should not eat cactus if you have Crohn’s disease, colitis or hemorrhoids. It can cause severe abdominal pain and diarrhea. You should stop taking cactus if you are taking other medicines. This will reduce your body’s ability to absorb the medicines.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

A randomized, double-blind human experiment was conducted in St. Louis. The George Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom also investigated IPS. Their results were published in the International Journal of Medicine. Participants with IBS were given either aloe vera or a placebo. There was no significant difference in diarrhea symptoms after 3 months.

“There is no evidence that AV [aloe vera] is beneficial for IBS patients. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of improvement in diarrhea or transplant IBS patients while taking AV.

Protection from UV radiation

Scientists at Kyung Hee University’s Global Campus in South Korea wanted to determine whether baby aloe vera extract and adult cactus shoot extract could have protective effects on UVB by photographing the skin; In other words, if they can protect the skin from the aging effects of sunlight.

Baby aloe vera juice (BAE) was obtained from 1-month-old sprouts and adult cactus juice (AE) was obtained from 4-month-old shoots.

Teeth and gums

A study published in General Dentistry suggests that aloe vera in dental gels may be as effective as toothpaste in combating cavities.

Researchers compared the antiseptic ability of Cactus Tooth Gel with that of two popular toothpastes. They found that the gel was just as good and was better than commercial toothpaste at controlling oral bacteria that sometimes cause cavities.

The authors explain that aloe latex contains anthraquinones which are compounds that are actively healing and reduce pain due to their natural anti-inflammatory effects.

The scientists caution that not all of the gels they studied have the correct cactus shape—they must contain a stable gel that is in the center of the plant.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

A randomized, double-blind human experiment was conducted in St. Louis. The George Hospital Medical School, London, United Kingdom also investigated IPS. Their results were published in the International Journal of Medicine. Participants with IBS were given either aloe vera or a placebo. There was no significant difference in diarrhea symptoms after 3 months.

“There is no evidence that AV [aloe vera] is beneficial for IBS patients. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of improvement in diarrhea or transplant IBS patients while taking AV.

Antioxidant and possible antimicrobial properties

Researchers from the University of Los Palmas de Gran Canaria in Spain have published a study in the journal Molecules.

The team set out to determine whether methanol extracts from the leaves and flowers of the cactus had positive effects on human health. The scientists focused on the extract’s potential antioxidant and antimycoplasmic activity.

Mycoplasma is a type of bacteria that does not have a cell wall; They are not affected by many common antibiotics. Antimycoplasmic reticulum kills these bacteria.

He said that the extracts of the flowers and leaves of the cactus have antioxidant properties, especially the sap of the bark of the leaf. Leaf skin extracts also showed antimycoplasmic properties.

Author “A. Vera extracts from the skin of the leaves and flowers may be considered the best natural source of antioxidants.”

Moisture and anti-aging effect:

Mucopolysaccharides help bind moisture to the skin.Aloevera stimulates fibroblasts, which produce collagen and elastin fibers, which make the skin more supple and supple. It exerts an adhesive effect by sticking to the superficial epidermal cells, which softens the skin. Amino acids soften hardened skin cells and zinc acts to accelerate pores to tighten. Aloe vera gel gloves improve skin integrity and reduce fine wrinkles and erythema.

Antiseptic effect:

Aloevera has 6 antiseptic agent Lupeol, salicylic acid, urea nitrogen, cinnamonic acid, phenols and sulfur.all have inhibitory action on fungi, bacteria and viruses.

Antiviral and antidomer activity:

These actions can be caused by indirect or direct effects.The indirect effect is due to stimulation immune system.
direct effect is due to anthraquinones.Anthraquinone Aloe inhibits various infectious viruses such as herpes simplex, varicella zoster and influenza. Induction of glutathione S-transferase and inhibition of phorbol myristic acid tumor initiation effects have also been suggested for potential benefits of using aloe vera gel in cancer chemotherapy.

Healing properties:

Glucomannan, a rich mannose polysaccharide, and growth hormone, interacts with growth factor receptors in fibroblasts, thereby stimulating its activity and proliferation, which significantly enhances collagen synthesis following topical and oral aloe vera. The collagen content of the lesion increased but the collagen structure was altered (also type III) and the amount of collagen cross-linking increased. As a result, it accelerates wound shrinkage and increases the destructive power of the resulting scar tissue. 10 Increased synthesis of hyaluronic acid and dermatone sulfate has been reported in wound healing granulation tissue following oral or topical treatment.

Side effects of aloevera


It causes redness, burning, irritation and is rarely common in sensitive individuals. Anthraquinones such as aloe and barbolin often cause allergic reactions. It is best to use it on a small area first to test for a possible allergic reaction.


Diarrhea, diarrhea, red urine, hepatitis, constipation or aggravation of constipation. Long-term use increases the risk of colon cancer. Digestive effects may occur due to an electrolyte imbalance (low levels of potassium).


Contraindicated in known allergic reactions to plants in the Liliaceae family.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding:

Oral cactus is not recommended during pregnancy due to the theoretical stimulation of uterine contractions, and in breastfeeding mothers, it may cause gastrointestinal upset in the breastfed child.


Applying aloe vera to the skin can increase the absorption of steroid creams such as hydrocortisone. This decreases efficacy and may increase the side effects of digoxin and digitoxin due to the potassium-blooming effect. The combined use of Cactus and furosemide may increase the risk of potassium deficiency. It lowers blood sugar levels so that oral hypoglycemia can interact with medication and insulin.

So, although cactus has a wide range of properties and uses, some of them may be myth and some of them may be real magic. In the future, controlled studies will be needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of Aloe vera at different stages.

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General FAQS

  1. What is aloe vera good for ?

    Aloe vera is a rich source of antioxidants and vitamins that may help protect your skin. The important compounds in aloe vera have also been shown to neutralize the effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, repair your skin from existing UV damage, and help prevent fine lines and wrinkles.

  2. What is aloe vera bad for ?

    Long-term use of large amounts of aloe latex might cause diarrhoea, kidney problems, blood in the urine, low potassium, muscle weakness, weight loss, and heart disturbances. High doses of aloe latex can even put you at risk of kidney failure,” says the site.

  3. Is aloe vera safe for ?

    Aloe gel is generally considered safe when appropriately applied to the skin. It might be safe when appropriate doses are taken orally for a short time. Aloe latex or whole-leaf extract taken orally might be unsafe and is likely unsafe in high doses.

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