High Blood pressure (hypertension) : Cause , Symptoms and full details.

Blood pressure

How can we define Blood Pressure in simple words?

The pressure of blood that pushes against the walls of your arteries is called blood pressure. Blood travel from the heart to other parts of the body through arteries.

Explanation of Blood Pressure:

Our body has a comprehensive blood circulatory system for efficient blood circulation to all parts of the body. This circulatory system ensures the maintenance of blood pressure. The circulatory system consists of three types of blood vessels. Arteries, veins and capillaries. Arteries are those blood vessels that transfer the blood away from the heart to all other parts of the body. For proper pumping of the blood, blood pressure is generated within the arteries. In a normal human being, this blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day and night.

What is the procedure for determining blood pressure?

Blood pressure is measured using two different figures. The first is systolic, and the second is diastolic.

1.Blood Pressure SystolicSystolic blood pressure refers to the pressure measured when the heart beats during this phase.
2.Blood Pressure DiastolicSystolic blood pressure refers to the pressure measured when the heart beats during this phase.

What is the usual range of blood pressure?

A healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mm Hg. Every day, no matter your age, you can take steps to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. Blood pressure levels can be classified as follows:

• High blood pressure (high blood pressure)

• Hypertension (low blood pressure)

HYPERTENSION (High Blood Pressure):

High blood pressure, which is usually called hypertension in medical terms, is characterized by blood pressure that is higher than average. Your blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day as a result of your activities. However, having a blood pressure number range consistently higher than average may lead to high blood pressure (or hypertension) diagnosis.

  • The higher blood pressure means, the greater is your risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
  • If the blood pressure is high your blood pressure is, then there is a greater risk of other health issues. For instance, heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
  • By comparing your systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels to those found in specific guidelines, your doctors can diagnose high blood pressure and make decisions to treat it.

What are the guidelines for diagnosing high blood pressure?

The guidelines for diagnosing high blood pressure may differ from one health care professional to the next.

  • Some health care professionals diagnose high blood pressure in patients whose blood pressure is consistently 140/90 mm Hg or higher. This restriction is based on a 2003 guideline.
  • If a patient’s blood pressure is continuously 130/80 mm Hg or greater, other health care experts diagnose them with high blood pressure.  This restriction is based on a 2017 recommendation.

Many people are unaware that they have high blood pressure because there are no warning signs or symptoms. The only method to tell if you have high blood pressure is to take your blood pressure. Unfortunately, only a tiny percentage of persons with high blood pressure have headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds.

These symptoms aren’t distinct, and they usually don’t appear until high blood pressure has progressed to a dangerous or life-threatening level.

What is the usual range of blood pressure?

A healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mm Hg. Every day, no matter your age, you can take steps to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. Blood pressure levels can be classified as follows:

• High blood pressure (high blood pressure)

• Hypertension (low blood pressure)

HYPERTENSION (High Blood Pressure):

High blood pressure, which is usually called hypertension in medical terms, is characterized by blood pressure that is higher than average. Your blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day as a result of your activities. However, having a blood pressure number range consistently higher than average may lead to high blood pressure (or hypertension) diagnosis.

  • The higher blood pressure means, the greater is your risk of obstructive sleep apnea.
  • If the blood pressure is high your blood pressure is, then there is a greater risk of other health issues. For instance, heart disease, heart attack, and stroke.
  • By comparing your systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels to those found in specific guidelines, your doctors can diagnose high blood pressure and make decisions to treat it.

What are the guidelines for diagnosing high blood pressure?

The guidelines for diagnosing high blood pressure may differ from one health care professional to the next.

  • Some health care professionals diagnose high blood pressure in patients whose blood pressure is consistently 140/90 mm Hg or higher. This restriction is based on a 2003 guideline.
  • If a patient’s blood pressure is continuously 130/80 mm Hg or greater, other health care experts diagnose them with high blood pressure.  This restriction is based on a 2017 recommendation.

Many people are unaware that they have high blood pressure because there are no warning signs or symptoms. The only method to tell if you have high blood pressure is to take your blood pressure. Unfortunately, only a tiny percentage of persons with high blood pressure have headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds.

These symptoms aren’t distinct, and they usually don’t appear until high blood pressure has progressed to a dangerous or life-threatening level.

What are the Factors responsible for High Blood Pressure?

A variety of factors causes high blood pressure. High blood pressure is frequently the result of a long period of inactivity. Some of the significant factors of High Blood Pressure are listed below:

1.Poor Lifestyle choices
2.Lack of Physical Activity
3.Diabetes
4.Pregnancy
5.Obesity

What are the Health Risks Associated with High Blood Pressure?

Hypertension/high blood pressure poses several health problems and issues. High blood pressure has a variety of adverse effects on your health. It can cause significant damage to vital organs such as the heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.

  1. Heart Attack and Heart Disease:

High blood pressure damages your arteries by making them less elastic, reducing blood and oxygen flow to your heart and causing heart disease.

 Chest pain, often known as angina, is a symptom of decreased blood supply to the heart. When blood pumping to the heart is cut off, a heart attack can occur, and the heart muscle begins to unfunctional and dies due to a lack of oxygen. The longer blood flow is restricted, the more damage the heart suffers. Heart failure occurs when the heart is not able to pump sufficient blood and oxygen to your other organs. As a result,

ii. Stroke and Mental Illness:

High blood pressure can cause arteries supplying blood and oxygen to the brain to burst or get blocked, potentially resulting in a stroke. During a stroke, brain cells die as a result of a lack of oxygen. Strokes can cause significant impairments in speech, movement, and other essential functions. A stroke can even result in death. High blood pressure is associated with worse cognitive function and dementia later in life, especially in middle age.

iii. Kidney Disorders:

Adults who have diabetes, high blood pressure, or both are more likely to develop chronic renal disease than those who do not. The best thing is that you can usually control your blood pressure and reduce your risk of significant health issues.

What is the best possible way to tell whether you have high blood pressure?

There’s just one way to determine whether you have high blood pressure: have it measured by a doctor or other medical practitioner. It’s painless and straightforward to check your blood pressure. Speak with your doctor about regularly taking your blood pressure at home, commonly known as self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring. Because high blood pressure has typically no warning signs or symptoms, and many individuals are unaware that they have it, it is known as the “silent killer.”

What can I do to reduce my blood pressure or control it?

Many persons with high blood pressure can lower their blood pressure or keep their levels safe by changing their lifestyle. You shloud have a minimum of 150 minutes of physical activity each week, as recommended by your health care team (about 30 minutes a day, five days a week)

• Quitting smoking

 • Eating a healthy diet that limits sodium (salt) and alcohol

• Maintaining a healthy weight

 • Dealing with stress

To control their blood pressure, some persons with high blood pressure need to take medication. If you suspect you have high blood pressure or have been told you have high blood pressure, but it isn’t under control, contact your healthcare professional straight once. You may help protect yourself against heart disease and stroke, often known as cardiovascular disease, by lowering your blood pressure (CVD).

What is Hypotension? How can you define Hypotension or low Blood Pressure?

Hypotension:

  • Low blood pressure can pose life threats in severe circumstances. Moreover,  Low blood pressure is defined as a measurement of fewer than 90 millimetres of mercury (mm Hg) for the top number (systolic) or 60 mm Hg for the bottom number (diastolic). Hypotension is the term often used in the medical field for low blood pressure.
  • In most circumstances,  lower blood pressure, which is less than 120/80  is good for the body’s normal functioning. However, Low blood pressure, on the other hand, can make you feel weary or dizzy. Hypotension might be an indication of an underlying condition that needs to be treated in those situations.

How can we find out if you have low blood pressure?

Low blood pressure symptoms include:

Factors Responsible for Low Blood Pressure
1. Dizziness
2. Nausea
3. I’m fainting (syncope)
4. Dehydration
5. Inability to focus
6. Hazy Vision
7. Cold, clammy, and pale skin

How can we treat Hypotension?

Ways to Treat Low Blood Pressure
1.Increase the amount of salt used. However, experts usually advise limiting salt in your diet since sodium can significantly elevate blood pressure.
2.Increase your water intake. Fluids help increase blood volume and avoid dehydration, which is crucial in the treatment of Hypotension.
3.Compression stockings should be worn.
4.Medications should be taken.

What are the Factors which affect blood pressure?

Blood pressure is affected by many factors, including increased cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, blood volume, viscosity, and vessel wall rigidity. Reduced cardiac output, peripheral vascular resistance, blood volume, viscosity, and suppleness of vessel walls all lower blood pressure. Other factors that affect blood pressure include age, gender, weight, and food.

When should you see a doctor?

Your blood pressure will almost certainly be taken as part of a typical doctor’s visit.

  • Starting at 18, ask your doctor for a blood pressure reading at least every two years.
  • Go to your doctor and ask for a blood pressure reading every year if you’re 40 or older or 18 to 39 and have a high risk of high blood pressure.
  • To determine if there is a difference, blood pressure should be taken in both arms. Again, it’s critical to utilize an arm cuff that’s the right size.

What if Diagnosed with High Blood Pressure or other Risk Factors?

  • If you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure or have other cardiovascular risk factors, your doctor will likely urge more regular readings.
  • Blood pressure is usually checked in children aged three and up as part of their annual examinations.
  • If you don’t see your doctor regularly, you can purchase a blood pressure monitor and self-monitor your blood pressure.

Conclusion:

It is a universal fact that good health is the primary element of your happiness and a good lifestyle. It not only makes you happy with physical fitness but also paves the way toward a healthy lifestyle, good family relations, and social and economic prosperity. So, never underestimate your health. Whenever you get any clue about some problem in your blood pressure, consult with a doctor to avoid further complications and ensure a healthy and happy life for yourself, your family, friends, and society.

ALSO Read About These : https://www.fitnessguidehub.com/diabetes-symptoms-treatment/

Source : https://www.heart.org/

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