The elements of Yoga | 8 Limbs of Yoga

The 8 Elements of Yoga
elements of yoga

The word ‘yoga’ means to join, to join or ‘yoke’. The thing we want to connect with is the True Self, also called the ‘Divine Essence’, the ‘Param Self’ or Atman.

You can also think of it as a spirit. If that thinking doesn’t apply to you, the word yoga means separation or destruction. The ultimate goal of any Yogasana is to attain Moksha, that is, to prevent us from liberation or freedom.

How to get rid of Yoga? Will it come at the cost of an expensive pair of yoga pants? Will you achieve this by signing up for drug withdrawal or finally touching your fingers?

I do not think so According to the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, there are eight paths leading to freedom, which are the ‘Ashthanga Yoga System’ or the ‘Eight Elements of Yoga‘ (‘ashta’ meaning ‘eight’, ‘meaning ‘organ’).

What are the 8 (Limbs) elements of Yoga?

  • 1. YAMA – Restraints, moral disciplines or moral vows
  • 2. NIYAMA – Positive duties or observances
  • 3. ASANA – Posture
  • 4. PRANAYAMA – Breathing Techniques ( ALSO READ )
  • 5. PRATYAHARA – Sense withdrawal
  • 6. DHARANA – Focused Concentration
  • 7. DHYANA – Meditative Absorption 
  • 8. SAMADHI – Bliss or Enlightenment
  • The 6 Limbs of Yoga Program

1. YAMA – Restraints, moral disciplines or moral vows

1. Yama – ban, moral discipline or moral vow This first organ, Yama, refers to vrat, discipline or practice and our relationship with it which is primarily related to the world around us. The practice of yoga helps to increase physical strength and flexibility and to calm the mind, what is the use if we are still tight, weak and stressed in daily life? The five Yamas are: Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (true), eztia (not to steal), celibacy (proper use of energy), and Aparigraha (not greed, not irritability).

Yoga is a practice that not only spends 60 minutes on a rubber mat, but also transforms and benefits every aspect of life; Please, if we learn to be honest and use our energy effectively, not only will we benefit from our talents, but everyone and everything around us.

In PKS Iyengar’s translation of the sutras ‘Yoga Sutras on Light’, he explained that the Yamas are ‘unconditional in terms of time, class and space’, meaning that whatever we come across, or how much we yoga, all The goal is to plant Yama plants within us. passed.

2. NIYAMA – Positive duties or observances

The second stage, rule, refers to duties towards us in general, but can also be considered in our actions towards the outside world. The prefix ‘ni’ is a Sanskrit verb, meaning ‘in’ or ‘in.
There are five rules:

  • Soucha (purity),
  • Santosh (happiness),
  • Tapas (discipline or burning desire or, conversely, burning desire),
  • Swadhyaya (self-study or self-reflection, and study of spiritual texts), and
  • Ishwarpranidah (surrender to greater power).

Niyas are traditionally performed by those who wish to travel long distances on the path of yoga, and are aimed at cultivating character. Interestingly, the rules are closely related to the slogans, our ‘envelopes’ or ‘layers’ that carry from the body to the essence. As you can see, when we work with the rules – from Sucha Sai to Ishwarpranithana – we are guided by the worst aspects within us into reality.

3. ASANA – Posture

The physical aspect of yoga is the third step on the road to freedom, and if we’re being honest, the word asana here doesn’t mean the ability to stand with one hand or to form a beautiful comfortable spine, that is, a ‘chair’ – especially if you Take a place to practice meditation. The only alignment instruction given by Patanjali for this asana is “Stra Sukham Asana”, the posture should be firm and comfortable.

While traditional texts such as the Hatha Yoga Pradipika list several postures for meditation, such as Padmasana (lotus pose) and Virasana (hero pose), the most important pose in the text is, in fact, the strisukasana—that is, a pose that the practitioner can keep comfortable and relaxed. motionless’.

We may not be ‘pulled’ by physical aches and pains, or we may become restless because of an uncomfortable position. If you want to choose the ‘advanced’ pose that will always be offered to you, rather than reaching up to your body, this is something to consider in your next yoga class: “Something we look at is too comfortable and stable?”

4. PRANAYAMA – Breathing Techniques

The word Prana means ‘power’ or ‘source of life’. It can be used to describe the very essence of life, as well as the power of the universe around us. Prana also often describes breathing, and by acting in the way we breathe, we affect the mind in a real way.

Pranayama can be understood as ‘prana-yama’ which can mean ‘to breathe – to control’ or ‘to block the breath’, or it can also be understood as ‘prana-ayama’ which can translate as ‘freedom to breathe’, ‘to extend the breath’ or ‘to release breath’.

The physical activity of working with different breathing techniques changes the mind in many ways – we can choose calming procedures such as Chandra Bhadana (moon breathing) or stimulating techniques such as Kapalabhati (glossy skull breathing). Each breath will change our attitude, but it is up to us whether we see this as ‘controlling’ the way we feel or ‘freeing ourselves’ from the normal way our mind can normally be.

5. PRATYAHARA – Sense withdrawal

Pratya means ‘to shrink’, ‘to draw’ or ‘withdraw’, and the second part ahara refers to anything that we believe that, like others, we are constantly exposed to the various sights, sounds and sounds of our senses. catch the. This is the first thing we do when we sit down for proper meditation practice and think we are meditating;

We focus on ‘drawing’. Inward stretching exercises may focus on the breathing process, so this organ is directly related to pranayama practice. The phrase ’emotion withdrawal’ can actually conjure up images of our ability to move our senses through concentration, which is why this aspect of training is often misunderstood.

Instead of actually losing the ability to hear and smell, see and feel, the practice of pratyahara shifts our mindset so that we are more satisfied with what we are focused on so that things outside of us don’t bother us and we meditate. be able to do. without being easily distracted. Experienced practitioners can translate pratyahara into daily life by focusing so much on this moment that the mind is not easily distracted by existing feelings and sounds.

6. DHARANA – Focused Concentration

Dharana means ‘mindfulness’. Dha means ‘hold or keep’, and Ana means ‘something’ or ‘something’. It is attached to the front two limbs; Dharana and pratyahara are important parts of the same element. In order to focus on something, the senses have to withdraw so that attention can be given to that point, and in order to draw attention to ourselves, we must concentrate and concentrate. Tratak (candlelight), imagination, and respiratory focus are all aspects of dharana, and this is the stage most of us go to when we think we are ‘meditating’.

7. DHYANA – Meditative Absorption 

The seventh element is ‘meditation absorbing’ – when we focus entirely on the focus of our meditation, and that is where we really meditate. All the things we can learn in the classroom, online or in the teacher are simply individual strategies to help him stabilize, focus and concentrate, a real meditation practice is not something we can ‘do’ with determination, rather. describes the automatic action of something that happens because of everything else. In fact; if you really meditate, you will have no thought.

8. SAMADHI Bliss or Enlightenment

Most of us know the word samadhi as meaning ‘happiness’ or ‘enlightenment’, and this is the final step in the journey of the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. After we have reorganized our relationships with the outside world and our inner world, we come to a happy ending.

If we look at the word samadhi however, we find that ‘enlightenment’ or ‘seeing’ does not mean floating on a cloud in a state of bliss and happiness…. Sorry. Breaking this word in half, we see that this last paragraph is made up of two words; ‘Sama’ meaning ‘similar’ or ‘equal’, and ‘dhi’ meaning ‘to see’.

There is a reason called awareness – and it is because reaching Samadhi is not about escaping, floating or overflowing with joy; it is about realizing the very life that is before us. The ability to ‘see equally’ and without mental disturbance, without our prepared experience of things we like, dislike or habits, without the need to judge or stick to any particular aspect; that is a joy.

Just as theologian Meister Eckhart used the word isticheit meaning ‘is-ness’ as referring to pure knowledge to see and realize just what ‘it’ is, this passage is not about adhering to happiness or feeling ‘happy’, but rather. it is about seeing life and the truth as it really is, without our thoughts, feelings, likes, dislikes, pleasures and pains that change and dominate. Not really a state of feeling or presence, or a direct way of thinking; pure ‘I – am-ness’.

There is only one catch – Samadhi is not a permanent condition…. Patanjali’s Yoga Sutras is important to tell us that unless we are fully prepared, without ‘emergence’ such as attachment, hatred, desires and habits, and a perfectly pure mind, we will not be able to maintain the status of Samadhi for long: When the mind is pure and realizes the reality of Samadhi status that we can keep, we get moksha, also known as mukti, which means a permanent state of freedom, liberation and liberation.

The 8 Limbs of Yoga Program

You can learn how to put these into action in our 8 week guided program ‘The Eight Limbs of Yoga‘. with talks, yoga, Pranayama and meditation. Go deeper and truly enrich your yoga practice and hopefully, your life.

Anat gives us an accessible overview of The 8 Limbs of Yoga (part of one of the most well-known works in yoga philosophy, The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali) – each of which offers guidance on how to live a conscious, meaningful and purposeful life.

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